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Application of iron-nickel alloy

Low-frequency magnetic field interference is a relatively difficult interference in the field of electromagnetic protection. Since the low frequency magnetic field has a weak skin effect and a small wave impedance, the corresponding absorption loss and reflection loss are also small. Therefore, an excellent conductor material which has a good shielding effect on a high frequency electromagnetic field has little shielding effect on a low frequency magnetic field. The shielding of the low-frequency magnetic field is to use a material with high magnetic permeability to split the magnetic field, and concentrate the magnetic lines of force inside the shielding material, thereby reducing the strength of the magnetic field in the shielding region. The low-frequency magnetic shielding material is usually made of soft iron, silicon steel sheet, iron-nickel alloy. Etc., in which iron-nickel alloy has excellent soft magnetic properties and mechanical properties, has been widely used in the field of low-frequency magnetic field shielding.

Iron-nickel alloy is a low-frequency soft magnetic material with high magnetic permeability and low coercive force in a weak magnetic field. Early iron-nickel alloys were used for telephone communication, and a heat treatment process and vacuum smelting method were used to improve the alloy properties. The magnetic permeability of Ni78% Ni-nickel alloy in weak magnetic field is about 10-20 times higher than that of silicon steel. It is commonly used in sensitive relays, magnetic shielding, telephone and radio transformers, precision AC and DC instruments, and current transformers. In the transformer). By adding elements such as molybdenum, manganese, cobalt, copper, and chromium to the iron-nickel alloy, a ternary or quaternary iron-nickel alloy having a larger initial magnetic permeability μi and a maximum magnetic permeability μm can be obtained.