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The nature and use of magnesium nitride

Magnesium nitrideMg3N2 is a pale yellow powder having a melting point of 800 ° C and a boiling point of 700 ° C (sublimation), belonging to a cubic crystal system. In 1997, Partin et al. used the time-of-flight powder neutron diffraction data to calculate the crystal structure of the Mg3N2 powder as an inverse ferromanganese structure. The cubic dense packing of N atoms is the main framework, and the metal atom Mg is in the tetrahedron with the N atom as the apex.
At present, the preparation methods of magnesium nitride include: a direct reaction method of magnesium powder and nitrogen, a reaction method of magnesium with nitrogen in a nitrogen plasma, a magnesium coil explosion method under a nitrogen atmosphere, and a low pressure chemical vapor deposition method.
Chemical properties
Magnesium nitride reacts easily with water to form magnesium hydroxide and releases ammonia gas, which can absorb water vapor in the air and deteriorate in air. Therefore, magnesium nitride is generally stored in vacuum; magnesium nitride can be used with almost all acids. The reaction occurs; the magnesium nitride has good thermal stability, and reacts with oxygen to form magnesium oxide in the air at 800 ° C or higher.
 Basic use of magnesium nitride
Magnesium nitride is an indispensable sintering aid in the solid phase reaction of boron nitride and silicon nitride, which are new materials with high hardness, high thermal conductivity, wear resistance, corrosion resistance and high temperature resistance. For example, nitriding Magnesium can promote the conversion of hexagonal boron nitride to cubic boron nitride under high temperature and high pressure, and promote the reaction of generating hexagonal boron nitride under normal pressure and high temperature. Its mechanism of action is under further study. At the same time, magnesium nitride can also be used in the fields of foaming alloys and recovery of nuclear fuel. In addition, magnesium nitride has important application value in military industry. Since magnesium nitride is a direct bandgap semiconductor with a bandwidth of 2.8 eV, it has potential application value in the preparation of light-emitting diodes.